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Background. To investigate the early and late antiadhesive effect and any changes of fibrin matrix regulation enzymes on rat peritoneum, after local administration of bevacizumab. Methods. Rats were subjected to cecal abrasion. Bevacizumab (5 mg/kg) against placebo was given intraperitoneally. On the 2nd, 14th, and 28th postoperative days adhesions were scored, and tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), degree of fibrosis, and angiogenesis were measured in abrased cecum and in intact parietal peritoneum. Results. Bevacizumab significantly reduced adhesions up to 15% on the 2nd, 52.5% on the 14th, and 55% on the 28th postoperative day, and significantly increased tPA concentrations in peritoneum. PAI-1 was decreased, and a significantly higher tPA/PAI-1 ratio along with an increase of MMP-9 was measured at all time points. Fibrosis and angiogenesis were significantly lower on the 14th and 28th postoperative days. Conclusions. Local bevacizumab administration has a strong early and late antiadhesive action on rat peritoneum, mediated by changes in the tPA/PAI-1 and MMP balance in favor of fibrinolysis up to 28 days after operations.