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The high-quality resonators and pass-band filters based on high-Tc superconducting (HTS) films are of the most interest for practical applications. The industrial application of the devices is retarded by nonlinearity of the film surface impedance under microwave power of a high level. The phenomenological model of nonlinear characteristics of HTS resonators was developed and applied to different kinds of planar resonators: disk, parallel plate, and micro-strip resonator. A comparison of experimental and modeled characteristics of the resonators revealed the distinctive difference in the model parameters. Some limiting characteristics are discussed.