The Numerical Study of Influence of Flux Creep on AC Losses in Superconductors

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Numerical simulation of AC losses in superconductors with gaint flux creep was carried out based on the collective creep model of the vortex glass. Influence of physical parameters, including frequency (f) and the amplitude (Bac) of AC field, current density distribution (j), DC field (Bd), and temperature (T) on AC losses was studied based on a unified method and the Maxwell equations. The frequency-dependent AC losses is the most important among the results which differ from the static models. Also, AC losses derived in the flux creep state are larger than those in the critical-state when the sample is only partly penetrated by the field, which is the second difference between the flux creep model and the static models. Moreover, the dependence of AC losses on Bac are derived and compared with that based on the Bean model. Preliminary comparison with experiments showed that the procedure could give qualitative understanding and estimation of AC losses in superconductors with giant flux creep.

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