Protection against ischemia/reperfusion injury by the cavitary two-layer method in canine small intestinal transplantation with reduction of reactive oxygen species

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Abstract

Background

Ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury is a major determinant of early graft dysfunction and long-term graft survival in small intestinal transplantation. The cavitary two-layer method (TLM) has been reported to be superior to the University of Wisconsin cold storage method (UWM) in long-term preservation of canine small intestine. This study was designed to evaluate the protective effect of the cavitary TLM against I/R injury in canine small intestinal transplantation.

Methods

Intestinal grafts harvested from beagles were allotransplanted after 24-hour preservation by UWM (group 1) or the cavitary TLM (group 2). The graft in the controls (group 3) was immediately allotransplanted without preservation. I/R injury was assessed by functional success rates, biochemical assay, graft adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and lipid peroxidation (LPO) concentrations, and histopathologic examination including TUNEL staining for apoptosis.

Results

In group 1, ATP recovery was delayed after reperfusion, and most recipients died with hemorrhage of the grafts and lungs. In group 2, graft ATP concentrations recovered rapidly, and I/R injury was prevented with reduced LPO production, resulting in good outcome.

Conclusions

The cavitary TLM protected intestinal grafts against I/R injury evidenced by maintenance of graft ATP levels and reduction of LPO production compared with UWM in canine small intestinal transplantation.

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