SSTR5 P335L monoclonal antibody differentiates pancreatic neuroendocrine neuroplasms with different SSTR5 genotypes

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Abstract

Background

Somatostatin receptor type 5 (SSTR5) P335L is a hypofunctional, single nucleotide polymorphism of SSTR5 with implications in the diagnostics and therapy of pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms. The purpose of this study is to determine whether a SSTR5 P335L–specific monoclonal antibody could sufficiently differentiate pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (PNENs) with different SSTR5 genotypes.

Methods

Cellular proliferation rate, SSTR5 mRNA level, and SSTR5 protein level were measured by performing MTS assay, a quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction study, Western blot analysis, and immunohistochemistry, respectively. SSTR5 genotype was determined with the TaqMan SNP Genotyping assay (Applied Biosystems, Foster City, CA).

Results

We found that the SSTR5 analogue RPL-1980 inhibited cellular proliferation of CAPAN-1 cells more than that of PANC-1 cells. Only PANC-1 (TT) cells, but not CAPAN-1 (CC) cells expressed SSTR5 P335L. In 29 white patients with PNENs, 38% had a TT genotype for SSTR5 P335L, 24% had a CC genotype for WT SSTR5, and 38% hada CT genotype for both SSTR5 P335L and WT SSTR5. Immunohistochemistry using SSTR5 P335L monoclonal antibody detected immunostaining signals only from the neuroendocrine specimens with TT and CT genotypes, but not those with CC genotypes.

Conclusion

A SSTR5 P335L monoclonal antibody that specifically recognizes SSTR5 P335L but not WT SSTR5 could differentiate PNENs with different SSTR5 genotypes, thereby providing a potential tool for the clinical diagnosis of PNEN.

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