Impact of obesity on postoperative outcome of hepatic resection for colorectal metastases

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Background.

Outcomes in obese patients who underwent liver resection have been analyzed, but series are heterogeneous and data are controversial. The aim of this study was to analyze short-outcome in obese patients undergone hepatectomy for colorectal metastases.

Study design.

A retrospective analysis on 1,021 consecutive hepatectomies between January 2000 and April 2014 for colorectal metastases was carried out. World Health Organization Classification of obesity (body mass index >30 kg/m2) was used to identify 140 obese patients. Outcomes were compared among obese and nonobese patients.

Results.

Obese patients were mainly male (78%) and were associated more frequently with hypertension (51% vs 29%, P < .001), ischemic heart disease (9% vs 3%, P = .007), and diabetes (23% vs 10%, P < .001) compared with nonobese patients. Approximately 30% of patients underwent major hepatectomy in the 2 groups. Associated resections were performed in 36% of obese and 37% of nonobese patients. Median parenchymal transection time (80 ± 64 minutes vs 70 ± 50 minutes, P = .013) and blood loss (300 ± 420 vs 200 ± 282, P = .001) were greater in obese patients. Postoperative mortality was nil in obese patients and 0.6% in nonobese patients. Overall morbidity was greater in obese patients (41% vs 31%, P = .012) mainly related to pulmonary complications (16% vs 9%, P = .012). Reinterventions were more frequent in obese patients (3.6% vs 1.2%, P = .004). Median hospital stay was comparable. At pathologic examination, hepatic steatosis was greater in obese (69% vs 43%, P < .001). At multivariate analysis, age >65 years (odds ratio [OR] 1.43, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.09–1.88), obesity (OR 1.64, 95% CI 1.13–2.38), major hepatectomies (OR 1.65, 95% CI 1.31–2.33), and associated resections (OR 1.67, I95% CI 1.27–2.20) were independent predictors of overall morbidity (P < .001). Among obese patients, there was a positive correlation between age and severity of complications (R = 0.173, P = .041).

Conclusion.

Obese patients undergoing hepatectomy for colorectal metastases should be approached with caution because of an increased risk of postoperative morbidity.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles