Hepatic venous pressure gradient after portal vein embolization: An accurate predictor of future liver remnant hypertrophy

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Abstract

Background:

The impact of portal hemodynamic variations after portal vein embolization on liver regeneration remains unknown. We studied the correlation between the parameters of hepatic venous pressure measured before and after portal vein embolization and future hypertrophy of the liver remnant after portal vein embolization.

Methods:

Between 2014 and 2017, we reviewed patients who were eligible for major hepatectomy and who had portal vein embolization. Patients had undergone simultaneous measurement of portal venous pressure and hepatic venous pressure gradient before and after portal vein embolization by direct puncture of portal vein and inferior vena cava. We assessed these parameters to predict future liver remnant hypertrophy.

Results:

Twenty-six patients were included. After portal vein embolization, median portal venous pressure (range) increased from 15 (9–24) to 19 (10–27) mm Hg and hepatic venous pressure gradient increased from 5 (0–12) to 8 (0–14) mm Hg. Median future liver remnant volume (range) was 513 (299–933) mL before portal vein embolization versus 724 (499–1279) mL 3 weeks after portal vein embolization, representing a 35% (7.4–83.6) median hypertrophy. Post–portal vein embolization hepatic venous pressure gradient was the most accurate parameter to predict failure of future liver remnant to reach a 30% hypertrophy (c-statistic: 0.882 [95% CI: 0.727–1.000], P < 0.001). A cut-off value of post–portal vein embolization hepatic venous pressure gradient of 8 mm Hg showed a sensitivity of 91% (95% CI: 57%–99%), specificity of 80% (95% CI: 52%–96%), positive predictive value of 77% (95% CI: 46%–95%) and negative predictive value of 92.3% (95% CI: 64.0%–99.8%). On multivariate analysis, post–portal vein embolization hepatic venous pressure gradient and previous chemotherapy were identified as predictors of impaired future liver remnant hypertrophy.

Conclusion:

Post–portal vein embolization hepatic venous pressure gradient is a simple and reproducible tool which accurately predicts future liver remnant hypertrophy after portal vein embolization and allows early detection of patients who may benefit from more aggressive procedures inducing future liver remnant hypertrophy. (Surgery 2018;143:1–2.)

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