Quality of life in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A compared with normative and disease populations

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Abstract

Background:

Patient-reported outcomes are measured in chronic disease states to inform intervention and management decisions while minimizing negative outcomes. We hypothesized that health-related quality of life in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A would be worse than the general US population but similar to other chronic diseases.

Methods:

Adults ≥18 years with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A were recruited to complete the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System 29-item questionnaire (n = 45). Scores based on the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System T-score metric were compared with the general US population and with cohorts with low back pain, cancer, congestive heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, major depressive disorder, rheumatoid arthritis, neuroendocrine tumors, primary hyperparathyroidism, and MEN1.

Results:

Compared with US normative data, multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A patients reported worse anxiety (58.2 ± 12.0, P < .0001), depression (55.4 ± 12.0, P < .01), fatigue (61.4 ± 10.8, P < .0001), pain interference (54.0 ± 11.5, P < .05), and sleep disturbance (56.9 ± 2.7, P < .001), as well as significantly lower physical functioning (45.7 ± 9.3, P < .01) and ability to participate in social roles (46.4 ± 9.7, P < .05). Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A patients reported greater fatigue than patients with cancer (P < .0001), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (P = .01), rheumatoid arthritis (P = .0002), neuroendocrine tumors (P = .0007), and primary hyperparathyroidism (P < .0001) but higher physical functioning compared with patients with rheumatoid arthritis (P = .02), low back pain, congestive heart failure, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (P < .0001).

Conclusions:

This study is the first to use the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System to compare patient-reported outcomes between multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A and other chronic conditions. Individuals with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A reported worse health-related quality of life in all 7 domains compared with US normative data. Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A patients reported greater fatigue but greater physical function compared with several other conditions. Prospective longitudinal evaluation of patient-reported outcomes in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A should be conducted to identify treatments associated with the highest health-related quality of life.

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