Comparing a single-staged laparoscopic cholecystectomy with common bile duct exploration versus a two-staged endoscopic sphincterotomy followed by laparoscopic cholecystectomy


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Abstract

BackgroundWith the advent of minimally invasive surgery, the limits of surgery have been stretched by questioning the more usual, established 2-stage approach for choledocholithiasis with an initial endoscopic retrograde cholangiography and endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy followed by laparoscopic cholecystectomy in favor of the single-stage laparoscopic common bile duct exploration with laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The aim of this study was to compare the related benefits, difficulties, and outcomes of these 2 methods at a single institution.MethodsA retrospective analysis of 128 patients satisfying the inclusion criteria was divided into 2 groups (n = 68 for the group with laparoscopic common bile duct exploration with laparoscopic cholecystectomy and n = 60 for the group with endoscopic retrograde cholangiography/laparoscopic cholecystectomy) between 2014 and 2017. Patient data including age, sex, duration of the operation, intraoperative and postoperative complications, and duration of hospital stay were reviewed.ResultsThe group with laparoscopic common bile duct exploration with laparoscopic cholecystectomy had 24 men and 44 women (mean age 52 years), and the group with endoscopic retrograde cholangiography/laparoscopic cholecystectomy had 16 men and 44 women (mean age 47 years). Statistically significant results were found in the clearance range (100% in the group with laparoscopic common bile duct exploration with laparoscopic cholecystectomy versus 75% in the group with endoscopic retrograde cholangiography/laparoscopic cholecystectomy), a shorter total duration of hospitalization for the group with laparoscopic common bile duct exploration with laparoscopic cholecystectomy (4.1 days vs 8.4 days) (P < .05), but a great incidence of biliary leakage in the group with laparoscopic common bile duct exploration with laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Duration of surgery was not different between the 2 groups.ConclusionLaparoscopic common bile duct exploration with laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a single-stage procedure that has many advantages over endoscopic retrograde cholangiography/laparoscopic cholecystectomy if appropriate experience and when expertise is available.

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