Tamsulosin attenuates abdominal aortic aneurysm growth

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BackgroundTamsulosin, an α1A-adrenergic receptor inhibitor, is prescribed to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia in men >60 years of age, the same demographic most susceptible to abdominal aortic aneurysm. The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of tamsulosin on abdominal aortic aneurysm pathogenesis.MethodsAbdominal aortic aneurysms were induced in WT C57BL/6 male mice (n = 9-18/group), using an established topical elastase abdominal aortic aneurysm model. Osmotic pumps were implanted in mice 5 days before operation to create the model, administering either low dose (0.125 μg/day tamsulosin), high dose (0.250μg/day tamsulosin), or vehicle treatments with and without topical application of elastase. Blood pressures were measured preoperatively and on postoperative days 0, 3, 7, and 14. On postoperative day 14, aortic diameter was measured before harvest. Sample aortas were prepared for histology and cytokine analysis.ResultsMeasurements of systolic blood pressure did not differ between groups. Mice treated with the low dose of tamsulosin and with the high dose of tamsulosin showed decreased aortic diameter compared with vehicle-treated control (93% ± 24 versus 94% ± 30 versus 132% ± 24, respectively; P = .0003, P = .0003). Cytokine analysis demonstrated downregulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines in both treatment groups compared with the control (P < .05). Histology exhibited preservation of elastin in both low- and high-dose tamsulosin-treated groups (P = .0041 and P = .0018, respectively).ConclusionTamsulosin attenuates abdominal aortic aneurysm formation with increased preservation of elastin and decreased production of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Further studies are necessary to elucidate the mechanism by which tamsulosin attenuates abdominal aortic aneurysm pathogenesis.

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