Closure of lacerations and incisions with octylcyanoacrylate: A multicenter randomized controlled trial


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Abstract

Background.Most lacerations and surgical incisions are closed with sutures or staples. Octylcyanoacrylate tissue adhesive (OCA) was recently approved for use in the United States. We compared the cosmetic appearance of lacerations and incisions repaired with OCA versus standard wound closure methods (SWC).Methods.A multicenter randomized clinical trial including patients with simple lacerations or surgical incisions was conducted at 10 clinical sites. Patients were randomly assigned to treatment with OCA or SWC. Follow-up was performed at 1 week and at 3 months to determine infection rates and cosmetic outcome.Results.Eight hundred fourteen patients with 924 wounds (383 traumatic lacerations, 235 excisions of skin lesions or scar revisions, 208 minimally invasive surgeries, and 98 general surgical procedures) were enrolled. Groups were similar in baseline characteristics. Wound closure with OCA was faster than with SWC (2.9 vs 5.2 minutes, P < .001). At 1 week infection rates were similar (OCA, 2.1% vs SWC, 0.7%; P = .09) and fewer OCA wounds were erythematous (18% vs 36%, P < .001). There were no differences in wound dehiscence rates (OCA, 1.6% vs SWC, 0.9%; P = .35). At 3 months there was no difference in the percent of wounds with optimal appearance (OCA, 82% vs SWC, 83%; P = .67).Conclusions.Repair of traumatic lacerations and surgical incisions with OCA is faster than with SWC, and cosmetic outcome is similar at 3 months. (Surgery 2002;131:270-6.)

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