Unintentional Ileostomy: A Complication of the Videolaparoscopic Method? Report of the First Case

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Summary:Jejunostomy is widely acknowledged in the literature as a means for enteral nutrition. Complication rates range from 16% to 46% for the classical open technique and from 11% to 70% for the several mini-invasive techniques currently in use, including the laparoscopic techniques. The most probable complications are abscess, intestinal obstruction, abdominal wall infection, intraperitoneal leakage, enterocutaneous fistula, and loss, elbowing, or even rupture of the enteral probe. The authors report the case of a patient with severe malnutrition concomitant with advanced gastric cancer who underwent jejunostomy because of an incapacity for normal oral feeding. Previous attempts to pass a nasal enteral probe were not successful, even with the aid of endoscopy. Videolaparoscopy was indicated for adequate staging of the neoplasm and for performance of video-assisted jejunostomy. During the procedure, an extensive carcinomatous process was observed that rendered comprehension of the abdominal anatomy extremely difficult. Consequently, while attempting jejunal catheterization, unintentional catheterization of the terminal ileum took place. The authors discuss this first reported case of unintentional ileostomy and review the literature.

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