Early and Mid-term Results of Totally Laparoscopic Surgery for Aortoiliac Disease: Lessons Learned


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Abstract

The present article is the first in the literature reporting short- and medium-term results using a totally laparoscopic technique for aortoiliac disease.Forty-nine patients, 6 having an associated small aneurysm, were scheduled for totally laparoscopic surgery (TLS) for aortoiliac occlusive disease and 2 for treatment of aortic aneurysmal disease (AAA). Patients' characteristics, intraoperative, postoperative data and mid-term data were recorded.TLS was successfully completed in 45 patients. Of those patients, 41 received an aortobifemoral bypass; three, an iliofemoral bypass; and one, an aortoaortic bypass. Five patients were converted from TLS to video-assisted laparoscopic surgery using incisions varying in size from 7 cm to 11 cm. One patient underwent conversion to standard open surgery. One death occurred unrelated to the technique. Major perioperative complications related to the technique were few and presented in the early phase of the study: One intraoperative embolization to the lower limbs that needed embolectomy, and one acute aortic false aneurysm. Midterm results were favorable, demonstrating two limb graft thromboses. Hernias at trocar sites occurred in only 3.9%.The patients benefited from this procedure, which is considered definitive like its standard open counterpart. The conversion rate is lower than that reported for acute cholecystitis. Selection of patients has been less stringent during the second half of the study in term of inclusion of patients with AAA and of more TASC IV patients. Surgeons willing to learn this technique should attend dedicated courses. In the future, as this surgical innovation matures, controlled randomized studies should be initiated.

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