Left Upper Quadrant Entry During Gynecologic Laparoscopy

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The use of the left upper quadrant technique in establishing a pneumoperitoneum during gynecologic laparoscopy was reviewed retrospectively in 267 patients who underwent gynecologic laparoscopy. The study population included all patients presenting to the University of Louisville Hospital outpatient surgery unit for laparoscopic gynecologic surgery from January 1994 to March 2002. Data sheets were prospectively compiled for each patient that included their demographics as well as the intraoperative insufflation technique used and the number of attempts necessary to achieve successful insufflation. All recognized complications associated with establishment of the pneumoperitoneum or insertion of the primary trocar were recorded. The database included 3314 patients of which 267 underwent insufflation via the left upper quadrant technique. Failure to achieve insufflation using this technique occurred in 4 patients (1.5%). There were no bowel or vessel injuries. Puncture of the left lobe of the liver occurred in 3 patients (1.12%). All injuries were managed without laparotomy, and the patients fully recovered without sequelae. The left upper quadrant entry technique is an effective means of establishing a pneumoperitoneum in patients undergoing gynecologic laparoscopic procedures.

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