Evolution of Clipping for Thoracoscopic Sympathectomy in Symptomatic Hyperhidrosis


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Abstract

BackgroundSevere hyperhidrosis is treated by thoracic sympathetic chain interrupting through chain transection or clipping. Our study compared the efficacy of these 2 methods.MethodsRetrospectively, patients who underwent thoracoscopic sympathectomy from 1999 to 2005 had demographic, operative, and postoperative data analyzed.ResultsFifty-four operations were performed for refractory sweating of the palm (72%), axilla (66%), foot (53%), and head/neck (19%). Thirty-seven (69%) underwent clipping; 17 (31%) underwent chain transection. There was no difference in age, sex, or blood loss. One ganglion level was interrupted in 24.1% and 2 levels in 75.4%. Bothersome compensatory hyperhidrosis occurred in 13% (5—clipping and 2—transection). One patient underwent clip removal for debilitating symptoms. Three small pneumothoraces occurred (all in the transection group); all treated expectantly.ConclusionsThoracoscopic sympathectomy is a safe outpatient procedure. Both methods yield excellent results with minimal compensatory hyperhidrosis. Thoracoscopic sympathetic chain clipping and transection are equivalent.

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