Laparoscopic Radiofrequency Ablation Combined With Laparoscopic Liver Resection for More Than One HCC on Cirrhosis


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Abstract

The management of patients affected by more than one hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is still controversial but nowadays a multimodal approach to this pathology seems to be the most effective and versatile therapeutic option. When orthotopic liver transplantation is not indicated, survival-time and quality of life improvement is the goal for patients who will have a long metabolic and oncologic disease history. Combined use of minimally invasive nonsurgical treatments [percutaneous ethanol injection, radiofrequency ablation, transcutaneous arterial chemioembolization (TACE)] allows to offer to the patients the advantages of each therapeutic procedure reducing their individual side effects and complications. We consider laparoscopy as a minimally invasive procedure, which can offer the benefits of surgical treatment, by tumor removing, but with an improved postoperative course. If recurrence risk factors are present, the costs/benefits rapport can be decreased by the laparoscopic approach which offers, in addition to a radical resection, a decreased postoperative pain, reduced trauma to the abdominal wall, smaller incisions, reduced peritoneal adhesions and, in selected cases, an earlier beginning of chemiotherapy. We report the case of a patient affected by more than one HCC with a bigger lesion of 50 mm protruding from hepatic segment III, one subcapsular lesion located at segment V, and one deep lesion located at segment VII-VIII. The patient was submitted to a double laparoscopic liver resection in association with laparoscopic radiofrequency ablation. Five months later, the patient presented an early recurrence of malignancy that was treated by TACE. At 8 months from the treatment, the patient presented another multifocal recurrence and was submitted to another TACE. At 2 years from the laparoscopic procedure, the patient is in apparent good conditions with an acceptable quality of life. We think that laparoscopic resection could gain a considerable place in the multimodal treatment of cirrhotic liver with more than one HCC because, by tumor removing, it offers the benefits of surgical treatment with a lower complications rate.

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