Stapled Hemorrhoidopexy: A Technique for Applying the Crucial Purse String Suture (MAMC Technique)

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BackgroundStapled hemorrhoidopexy for prolapsing hemorrhoids has been found to be associated with lesser postoperative pain and consequently earlier mobilization and return to work, in comparison to conventional hemorrhoidectomy. Purse string application remains a crucial step to ensure adequate lifting of the anal mucosa and this step is technically tedious in the presence of large hemorrhoids obscuring the vision using the standard purse string applicator. The proposed method in our technique makes this crucial step more reliable, easier, and safe in the hands of the beginner and the experienced surgeon alike.MethodsThirty healthy adults (21 males and 9 females) with grade 3 or 4 hemorrhoids underwent stapled hemorrhoidopexy at a large university referral hospital in New Delhi. Purse string application was the first step in the entire procedure even before the application of the circular anal dilator. The purse string was applied using authors' method herein after referred to as Maulana Azad Medical College “(MAMC) technique” after the name of the institution. Rest of the procedure was completed as described by Longo et al.ResultsThe mean operative time was 26 minutes (range 16 to 40 min). The mean visual analog scale (VAS) pain score on day 1 was 1.6 (range 0 to 3). The mean hospital stay was 1.1 days (range 1 to 2 d). There was no major intraoperative complication and one case each of postoperative urinary retention and residual hemorrhoid, there was no recurrence, anal stenosis, or anal incontinence after a mean follow up of 15 months (range 3 to 24 mo).ConclusionsThe procedure described is safe, easy to learn, and technically sound, enabling the application of the crucial purse string at the desired distance from the dentate line, in the correct submucosal plane with closely placed bites and at the same transverse level.

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