Symptomatic Outcome of Laparoscopic Cardiomyotomy Without an Antireflux Procedure: Experience in Initial 40 Cases


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Abstract

The aim of surgical treatment in achalasia cardia is symptom relief. Most studies have evaluated the results of laparoscopic cardiomyotomy with an antireflux procedure. However, data on the effectiveness of laparoscopic cardiomyotomy without an antireflux procedure is sparse. We describe our experience of laparoscopic cardiomyotomy without antireflux procedure in 40 consecutive patients with respect to symptom relief and complications. There was no mortality and 1 conversion. Preoperatively dysphagia, regurgitation, and heartburn were present in 40, 39, and 11 patients. At a mean follow-up of 26 months, there was a significant improvement in symptom scores. Two patients (5%) had persistent postoperative dysphagia. One improved on conservative therapy, whereas other was treated with relaparoscopic cardiomyotomy. Three patients (7.5%) developed heartburn in the postoperative period, which was well controlled with proton pump inhibitors. Laparoscopic cardiomyotomy without antireflux procedure results in excellent relief of dysphagia without producing significant symptomatic reflux in the follow-up.

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