Mesh Erosion as a Complication of Laparoscopic Fundoplication With Prosthetic Hiatal Closure: Report of a Case

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BackgroundLaparoscopic fundoplication has become the standard procedure for surgical management of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Simple cruroplasty is associated with a high recurrence rate and most authors recommend the use of prosthetic meshes for crural closure.MethodsHerein we report a patient who was admitted with the complaint of severe dysphagia a year after laparoscopic fundoplication with prosthetic hiatal closure.ResultsThe patient presented with mesh erosion into the esophagus and required a distal esophageal resection.ConclusionsThis case demonstrates that appropriate surgical technique is important for preventing mesh-related complications. A small-sized mesh should be placed so as to have no contact with the esophagus and should be secured sufficiently to the diaphragmatic crura to avoid the potential complications of mesh reinforcement.

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