Fibrin Sealant (Tissucol) for the Fixation of Hiatal Mesh in the Repair of Giant Paraesophageal Hernia: A Case Report

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IntroductionThe use of hiatal meshes for the repair of giant paraesophageal hernias (GPH) is associated with a significantly decreased rate of recurrences compared with mesh free techniques. Many surgeons refrain from mesh implantation at the gastroesophageal junction owing to reported complications, such as mesh migration, strictures, and risks of tack or suture placement. This case report presents the laparoscopic application of a titanium-coated mesh (TiSure, GfE, Germany) designated for hiatal repair, with fibrin sealant fixation (Tissucol, Baxter, Austria) in a patient with GPH.MethodsA patient (male, 59 y) presented at our outpatient department with a 3-year history of epigastric pain and decreasing lung capacity. A GPH with an intrathoracic upside-down stomach had already been radiologically diagnosed 3 years before admission. In elective laparoscopy, the stomach was repositioned and the crura of the diaphragm were approximated with nonresorbable sutures. The defect was reinforced with a preshaped titanium-coated mesh and fibrin sealant (2 mL) applied with a 45 degree angled tip laparoscopic spraying device. No perforating fixation device was used for mesh fixation itself. The patient was discharged on the seventeenth postoperative (postOP) day. The clinical follow-up included the assessment of postOP pain with a visual analog score and a confirmative computed tomography scan 6 months after surgery.ResultsThe patient has fully recovered, showing no recurrence or adverse effects 1 year postOP.DiscussionBased on previous good results from own experimental trials, the mesh sealing approach in hiatal hernia repair was performed clinically, yielding an excellent result in this case. Multicenter trials to assess the full impact of FS mesh fixation in combination with macroporous hiatal meshes seem mandatory.

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