Bladder Migration of Hem-o-Lok Clips After Laparoscopic Radical Nephroureterectomy and Bladder Cuff Excision


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Abstract

The Hem-o-Lok clips are widely used in various laparoscopic operations because of its easy application and secure clamping. The Hem-o-Lok clips were adopted to ligate bladder cuff during bladder cuff excision because of its advantages. We report 2 cases of bladder migration of Hem-o-Lok clips after laparoscopic nephroureterectomy and bladder cuff excision. The clips were found during routine follow-up cystoscopy and were removed by cystoscopic procedure. We described the case presentation, treatment, and the alternative method to avoid such shortcomings.

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