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The current trial was designed to study and compare the postoperative outcomes and systemic acute responses between patients undergoing laparoscopic-ileal pouch anal anastomosis (LAP-IPAA) and open IPAA for ulcerative colitis.The clinical records of patients who underwent 89 restorative proctocolectomy procedures with IPAA were reviewed. After determining which patients underwent LAP-IPAA versus open IPAA, an equivalent number of controls matched for age and ulcerative colitis severity were selected.Twenty of 22 patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery met the inclusion criteria. Patients who underwent LAP-IPAA had significantly shorter times to first walking (P=0.021) and food intake (P=0.0003). The LAP-IPAA group had significantly lower interleukin-6 and interleukin-1ra levels soon after surgery (P=0.011 and P=0.0076). The LAP-IPAA group had significantly lower C-reactive protein levels on postoperative day 1 (P=0.0027).LAP-IPAA is a less-invasive operative procedure than open IPAA with respect to the postoperative systemic inflammatory response and postoperative recovery.