Systemic Acute-phase Response in Laparoscopic and Open Ileal Pouch Anal Anastomosis in Patients With Ulcerative Colitis: A Case-matched Comparative Study

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Aim:The current trial was designed to study and compare the postoperative outcomes and systemic acute responses between patients undergoing laparoscopic-ileal pouch anal anastomosis (LAP-IPAA) and open IPAA for ulcerative colitis.Methods:The clinical records of patients who underwent 89 restorative proctocolectomy procedures with IPAA were reviewed. After determining which patients underwent LAP-IPAA versus open IPAA, an equivalent number of controls matched for age and ulcerative colitis severity were selected.Results:Twenty of 22 patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery met the inclusion criteria. Patients who underwent LAP-IPAA had significantly shorter times to first walking (P=0.021) and food intake (P=0.0003). The LAP-IPAA group had significantly lower interleukin-6 and interleukin-1ra levels soon after surgery (P=0.011 and P=0.0076). The LAP-IPAA group had significantly lower C-reactive protein levels on postoperative day 1 (P=0.0027).Conclusions:LAP-IPAA is a less-invasive operative procedure than open IPAA with respect to the postoperative systemic inflammatory response and postoperative recovery.

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