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Bowel wall thickening (BWT) is a common finding in abdominal computerized tomography imaging (CTi). The purpose of the present study was a prospective assessment and management of patients who have BWT in abdominal CTi.This study was conducted between January 2012 and July 2014 at Erzincan University Hospital, Turkey, with 64 patients who were admitted to the emergency and general surgery department. All of the patients had received colonoscopies due to BWT seen in abdominal CTi.Twenty-three (36%) female and 41 (64%) male patients were included in the study. The mean age was 56.2 years (range, 14 to 84 y). The positive predictive value of CTi for BWT was 87.5%. The positive predictive value of a CTi diagnosis of the disease according to a radiologist’s report was 78.1%. Common pathologies detected by colonoscopy included neoplasia and inflammatory bowel disease.Diagnosis of BWT by abdominal CTi reveals pathologies in many cases. Colonoscopies will be helpful in the differential diagnosis.