How to Successfully Manage Residual Gallbladders Laparoscopically Following Open Techniques?

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Purpose:This study aimed to explore the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic retreatment for residual gallbladders following open techniques, and outline strategies for successful reintervention.Patients and Methods:From January 2008 to December 2015, the clinical and follow-up data of 32 patients who underwent laparoscopic reintervention for residual gallbladders following open techniques were retrospectively analyzed and summarized.Results:Of all patients, 4 underwent 2 laparotomic surgeries; 6 had choledocholithiasis and underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. All procedures for residual gallbladders, except 1, were successfully completed by laparoscopy using 3 to 6 trocars. The mean operative time, mean blood loss, and duration of hospital stay were 51.9±14.6 minutes, 30 mL, and 3 to 8 days, respectively. One patient had bilious drainage, lasting up to day 8. All patients remained symptom free, and no mortality and major morbidity were observed on a mean follow-up of at least 6 months.Conclusions:Laparoscopic management is feasible and safe for residual gallbladders following open techniques, subject to availability of expertise with well-defined strategies.

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