Laparoscopic Appendectomy in Pregnancy With Acute Appendicitis: Single Center Experience With World Review

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Objectives:This clinical study is aiming to discuss the therapeutic benefit of laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) by comparing with conventional open appendectomy (OA) in pregnancy.Materials and Methods:The clinical data of 26 pregnant women who underwent appendectomy from 2012 to 2016 was retrospectively analyzed. The variables analyzed included baseline information, operation characteristics, maternal complications, and infant health outcomes. The patients were divided in 2 LA and OA groups according to the surgical approach and their clinical characteristics were compared.Results:Of reported 26 patients, 7 underwent LA whereas the remaining 19 patients underwent OA. The median age of the patients was 28 years (range, 19 to 39 y). The median gestational period was 21.5 weeks (range, 5 to 33 wk). The postoperative pathology showed complicated appendicitis 7 cases. The result showed significantly shorter operation time (42.14±8.63 vs. 65.21±26.58 min, P=0.003), hospital stay (4.14±1.77 vs. 6.47±2.72 d, P=0.021), and earlier recovery of gastrointestinal function in the LA group compared with OA group. There were no maternal and fetal deaths occurred in perioperative period in both groups.Conclusions:LA has not increased morbidity and mortality but displayed shorter hospital stay, operation time and recovery of gastrointestinal function to OA as well as good cosmetic results. Therefore, LA in patients with pregnancy can be considered as preferred approach in sophisticated hands without increased risks.

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