Early Routine Use of Upper GI Contrast Series Post Paraesophageal Hernia Repair: A Single Institution Consecutive Case Series


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Abstract

Introduction:There is conflicting evidence with regard to the routine use of upper gastrointestinal contrast series in detecting early complications post paraesophageal hernia repair (PEHR).Methods:All cases booked for a PEHR between January 2007 and September 2015 were identified using hospital records. Standard demographic, operation, and imaging data were extracted.Results:We retrospectively identified 391 PEHR cases between January 2007 and September 2015. The mean age at the index operation was 66.7 years with a female predominance. The majority of index operations were elective and completed for a large paraesophageal hernia. Contrast studies were reported as normal in 70.6%, a leak in 0.3%, an obstruction in 27.9%, and early recurrence in 1.0%. Reoperation was required in 1.8% of cases.Conclusion:Routine upper gastrointestinal contrast studies post-PEHR changed management in 0.8% of cases and were unhelpful in determining the need for early reoperation in 57.1% of cases requiring reoperation.

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