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Congenital hernias are rare findings, and their diagnosis is often delayed due to an incorrect interpretation of the clinical symptoms and/or images. We present a rare case of left-sided paraduodenal hernia at the ligament of Treitz, followed by a review of the literature.We report the case of a 20-year-old patient with unusual, recurring abdominal pain in the past 3 months. There were no previous operations or past illnesses in the patient’s history. The computed tomographic scan showed a misplacement of small bowel into the lesser sack. With high suspicion of an internal hernia, we performed a diagnostic laparoscopy, which revealed a Treitz hernia. The reduction and fixation could be carried out fully with minimally invasive surgery with an uneventful postoperative course and complete recovery.A Treitz hernia is a rare cause of unspecific abdominal pain and the clinical signs are difficult to interpret. However, its knowledge may help to avoid emergency procedures and provide quick recovery of the patients. We recommend the laparoscopic approach as the first choice of treatment in all cases of internal hernia in the absence of peritoneal irritation or severe bowel obstruction.