Laparoscopic Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Perfusion Chemotherapy for Patients With Malignant Ascites Secondary to Unresectable Gastric Cancer

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Background:To compare the efficacy of 3 chemotherapeutic combinations for laparoscopic hyperthermic intraperitoneal perfusion chemotherapy (HIPPC) in the treatment of malignant ascites secondary to unresectable gastric cancer (GC).Materials and Methods:From January 2010 to December 2013, 38 GC patients were randomly divided into 3 groups and treated by laparoscopic HIPPC with 1 of the 3 following chemotherapy combinations: raltitrexed (Ra) with oxaliplatin (L-OHP), Ra with cisplatin (DDP), and Ra with mitomycin C (MMC). Perioperative complications, patients’ quality of life, and survival were recorded and compared among the 3 groups.Results:The intraoperative course was successful in all patients, and no perioperative death or complication related to laparoscopic HIPPC was documented. The median follow-up period was 9 months and the median survival was 7.5 months for all patients. Patients in the Ra/L-OHP group had a median survival of 8.7 months, the Ra/DDP group had a median survival of 5.6 months, and the Ra/MMC group had a median survival of 7.5 months. Patients’ median survival in the Ra/L-OHP group and Ra/MMC group is significantly longer than Ra/DDP group (P<0.05). No significant difference was found in total remission rate of ascites, increase in the Karnofsky performance scale, and incidence rate of port-site metastases among the 3 groups.Conclusions:Laparoscopy-assisted HIPPC provide modest yet encouraging efficacy for malignant ascites secondary to disseminated GC. Our preliminary data indicate that the chemotherapeutical combination of Ra/L-OHP and Ra/MMC might be more beneficial compared with Ra/DDP in terms of patients’ survival.

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