Does the Surgeon’s Caseload Affect the Outcome in Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy for Acute Cholecystitis?

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Background:This study investigated how annual caseloads and the surgeon’s previous experience influence the outcome in laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LCC) for acute cholecystitis.Methods:A total of 892 patients treated in Helsinki University Hospital in 2013-2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Surgeons were compared regarding volume—over 5 LCCs for acute cholecystitis a year versus 5 or fewer LCCs a year, and experience—attendings versus residents.Results:High-volume surgeons (n=14) operated faster than low-volume surgeons (n=62) (91 vs. 108 min, P<0.001). Examining only procedures with an attending present, high-volume attendings (n=7) converted less (14.9% vs. 32.0%, P<0.001) and operated faster (95 vs. 110 min, P<0.001) compared with low-volume attendings (n=41). The results of residents did not significantly differ from the results of attendings.Conclusions:Attending surgeons, performing >5 LCCs for acute cholecystitis a year, have shorter operative times and lower conversion rates.

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