Long-term Outcomes Following Primary Closure of Common Bile Duct Following Laparoscopic Common Bile Duct (CBD) Exploration: Experience of 355 Cases at a Tertiary Care Center

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Introduction:Primary closure of common bile duct (CBD) after laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) is now becoming the preferred technique for closure of choledochotomy. Primary CBD closure not only circumvents the disadvantages of an external biliary drainage but also adds to the advantage of LCBDE. Here, we describe our experience of primary CBD closure following 355 cases of LCBDE in a single surgical unit at a tertiary care hospital.Materials and Methods:All patients undergoing LCBDE in a single surgical unit were included in the study. Preoperative and intraoperative parameters including the technique of CBD closure were recorded prospectively. The postoperative recovery, complications, hospital stay, antibiotic usage, and postoperative intervention, if any, were also recorded.Results:Three hundred fifty-five LCBDEs were performed from April 2007 to December 2018, and 143 were post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography failures. The overall success rate was 91.8%. The mean operative time was 98±26.8 minutes (range, 70 to 250 min). Transient bile leak was seen in 10% of patients and retained stones in 3 patients. Two patients required re-exploration and 2 patients died in the postoperative period. Follow-up ranged from 6 months to 10 years, with a median follow-up of 72 months. No long-term complications such as CBD stricture or recurrent stones were noted.Conclusions:Primary closure of CBD after LCBDE is safe and associated with minimal complications and no long-term problems. The routine use of primary CBD closure after LCBDE is recommended based on our experience.

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