Postoperative Gastrointestinal Complaints After Laparoscopic Nissen Fundoplication

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Purpose:To investigate the postoperative gastrointestinal complaints and their effects on the satisfaction level of patients after laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (LNF).Materials and Methods:Over a 7-year period, 553 patients who underwent “floppy” LNF were evaluated for preoperative and postoperative complaints. For this purpose, a set of questions derived from gastroesophageal reflux disease–health-related quality-of-life questionnaire (GERD-HRQL) was used. A P-value of <0.05 was considered to show a statistically significant result.Results:The present study included 215 patients with a mean follow-up of 60 months. Reflux-related symptoms [regurgitation (17.7%), heartburn (17.2%), and vomiting (3.7%)] and nonspecific symptoms [bloating (50.2%), abdominal pain (15.3%), and belching (27%)] showed a significant decrease (P<0.001) after the surgery. Inability to belch (25.1%) and early satiety (29.3%) were the newly emerged symptoms. The percentage of patients with flatulence increased from 23.3% to 38.1% after LNF. There was no significant difference for dysphagia (25.6%) and diarrhea (15.3%) in the postoperative period. Of the patients, 15.3% had recurrent preoperative complaints and 9.8% were using drugs for that condition. Satisfaction level and preference for surgery were 82.8% and 91.6%, respectively. There was no significant difference in GERD-HRQL score according to body mass index.Conclusions:This is the first study in which postoperative reflux-related and nonspecific gastrointestinal complaints are analyzed together for a long follow-up period. We found a significant decrease in many reflux-related and nonspecific symptoms. Although some disturbing complaints like inability to belch, early satiety, and flatulence emerged, the preference for surgery did not change.

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