Quality of Life After Elective Laparoscopic Sigmoidectomy for Symptomatic Uncomplicated Diverticular Disease

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Introduction:Symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease (SUDD) is characterized by abdominal pain and altered bowel function and may affect quality of life. When symptoms are severe and conservative therapy is ineffective, surgical intervention becomes an option.Objective:This study aims to investigate quality of life after elective sigmoidectomy for patients affected by SUDD.Materials and Methods:Retrospective multicenter review of consecutive patients affected by SUDD that underwent elective laparoscopic sigmoidectomy from January 2015 to March 2018. SUDD was defined as the presence of diverticula with persistent localized pain and diarrhea or constipation without macroscopic inflammation. Quality of life was investigated using the Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index questionnaire at baseline, and at 6 and 12 months after surgery. Readmissions, unplanned clinical examination, mesalazine resumption, and emergency department visit for abdominal symptoms were recorded.Results:Fifty-two patients were included in the analysis. Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index score at 6 months from surgery did not statistically differ from baseline (96±10.2 vs. 89±11.2; P>0.05), while patients reported a better quality of life at 12 months after surgery (109±8.6; P<0.05). Within the first year of follow-up, 3 patients (5.8%) were readmitted for acute enteritis, 8 patients (15.4%) had emergency room access for abdominal pain, and 8 patients had unplanned outpatients’ medical examinations for referred lower abdominal pain and bowel changes. Mesalazine was resumed in 17.3% of patients.Conclusion:Elective laparoscopic sigmoidectomy for SUDD is safe and effective in improving quality of life, although in some cases symptoms may persist.

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