What is the Treatment Role of Transpapillary Cholecystostomy for Delayed Cholecystectomy in the Coexistence of Acute Cholecystitis and Cholangitis

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Introduction:This study aims to investigate the role of main bile duct drainage and gallbladder transpapillary drainage in the treatment of patients who diagnosed with acute cholecystitis and acute cholangitis because of choledocholithiasis.Materials and Methods:Patients who were admitted to the hospital with the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis between January 2018 and December 2019, have hyperbilirubinemia in their laboratory tests, and who were diagnosed with choledochal stone by magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography imaging because of the findings of cholangitis were included in this study. These patients underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and choledochus stone extraction procedure and gallbladder drainage with the transpapillary pigtail. The demographic data, success rates, and complications of the patients were evaluated.Results:A total of 19 patients were included in the study. Choledochus was cannulated in all patients, but gallbladder drainage could not be achieved in 2 patients. These 2 patients were recorded under the unsuccessful method use. Although 2 patients could not be operated because of high comorbidity (American Society of Anesthesiologists IV), they underwent percutaneous cholecystostomy because of the development of cholecystitis arising from an obstruction in the pigtail catheter in the 11th and 12th weeks. Treatments of the remaining 15 patients and subsequent cholecystectomy procedures were successful. The mean age of the patients was 54.52 years. Of the patients, 9 were female and 6 were male. In the 6th week of follow-up, 15 patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy with ERCP 1 day after removal of the stent and pigtail catheter.Conclusions:Transpapillary cholecystectomy with ERCP is a successful method of treatment in patients with acute cholecystitis with the symptoms of cholangitis because of choledochal stone.

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