|| Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid
To investigate the impact of using paclitaxel in chemoradiation on locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) treated with or without surgery.Of 127 patients with AJCC stages II—III esophageal SCC undergoing definitive chemoradiation (DefCRT, n = 44) or neoadjuvant chemoradiation plus surgery (NeoCRT + S, n = 83), 57 received chemotherapy with paclitaxel and cisplatin (TP), and 70 received 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin (PF). Three-year local progression-free survival (LPFS), distant metastasis-free survival, overall survival, and prognostic factors were retrospectively analyzed.The median survival was 30 months. Pathological complete response rate was 41% and 27% with TP and PF, respectively (P = 0.19). NeoCRT + S achieved significantly higher LPFS than DefCRT (71% vs. 39%, P < 0.001). Patients receiving TP had significantly higher LPFS than PF (74% vs. 48%, P = 0.04). Local control was similar between DefCRT with TP and NeoCRT + S. Distant metastasis-free survival and overall survival were not different between treatment modalities or chemotherapy regimens. In multivariate analysis, surgery (HR 0.30, P < 0.001), TP regimen (HR 0.38, P = 0.007), and mediastinal lymphadenopathy (HR 2.37, P = 0.008) were independent factors for LPFS.Both surgery and the use of paclitaxel-based chemoradiation may improve local disease control. Future randomized trials should integrate paclitaxel into definitive chemoradiation.