Clinical Significance of Decreased Nidogen-2 Expression in the Tumor Tissue and Serum of Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma

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Abstract

Background and Objectives

Nidogen-2 is a ubiquitous component of basement membrane (BM), which is modified by tumor cells to facilitate tumor invasion. However, the expression and function of nidogen-2 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unknown at present. In this study, we sought to investigate the potential role of nidogen-2 in HCC.

Methods

Nidogen-2 expression in HCC tissues, cell lines, and serum was evaluated by immunohistochemistry, immunoassay, and real-time PCR assays. The regulation of nidogen-2 expression was investigated using doxycycline induction and small interfering RNA analyses.

Results

Nidogen-2 was significantly decreased in both HCC tissues and serum (P < 0.001). The decreased expression of nidogen-2 in HCC tissues was significantly correlated with tumor progression factors (P < 0.05). Inhibition of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 led to significantly upregulate nidogen-2 expression in vitro assays. Moreover, patients with HCC had lowest serum nidogen-2 levels compared with patients with benign liver diseases and normal volunteers. Furthermore, the receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed a good diagnostic performance of nidogen-2 for HCC.

Conclusions

These findings suggest that decreased expression of nidogen-2 may have a potential pathogenetic role in the development of HCC and may also have potential diagnostic value for HCC.

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