Effect of Intra-Operative Fluid Volume on Peri-Operative Outcomes After Pancreaticoduodenectomy for Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

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Excess use of intravenous fluid can increase post-operative complications. We examined the influence of intra-operative crystalloid (IOC) administration on complications following pancreaticodudenectomy (PD) for pancreatic adenocarcinoma.


We categorized 188 patients who underwent PD for adenocarcinoma (1990–2009) into two groups: Group I received <6,000 ml and Group II received ≥6,000 ml IOC. Differences between groups in length of stay, overall morbidity, and 30-day mortality were evaluated.


There were 86 patients in Group I and 102 in Group II. Group I patients were older and with higher percentage of women, but similar in regards to performance status, ASA score, underlying comorbidities, and administration of neo-adjuvant treatment. Group II patients had longer operations, increased blood loss, and higher rates of intra-operative blood transfusions. There were two post-operative deaths, both in the Group II (P = 0.5). Post-operative overall morbidity was 45.7%, without differences between the two groups (44.2% vs. 47.1%, P = 0.7). Likewise, length of post-operative stay was similar in both groups (13.8 days vs. 14.5 days, P = 0.5).


The volume of IOC increased with duration of surgery, intra-operative blood losses, and intra-operative blood transfusion, but did not correlate with post-operative morbidity.

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