Anilocra pilchardi n. sp. is described from several specimens collected mainly from clupeiform fishes from off Lebanon. Various stages of the parasite are considered: ovigerous and non-ovigerous females, male and intramarsupial larvae. Taxonomic comments on the relationship of A. pilchardi to other congeneric species are given. A. pilchardi belongs to a particular group of Anilocra species previously known only from the Indo-Pacific Region.