Perspectives on using a multiplex human kidney safety biomarker panel to detect cisplatin-induced tubular toxicity in male and female Cynomolgus monkeys

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Multiplex biomarker panel assays would enable early de-risking of discovery compound related kidney safety liabilities. The objective of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of the Myriad RBM Human KidneyMAP (Multi-Analyte Profile)® v.1.0 panel to detect experimental nephrotoxicity in Cynomolgus monkeys following a single intravenous administration of cisplatin (2.5 mg/kg). Urine samples were collected at baseline on day − 2; at approximately 4 hr post-dose on day 1; and on days 4, 9, 15 and/or 20. Blood samples were collected at predose on day − 2; at 4 hr post-dose on day 1; and on days 2, 5, 10 and/or 21. Changes in toxicokinetic and biochemistry parameters in plasma, qualitative/quantitative urinalysis parameters, and urinary kidney safety biomarkers were assessed. Kidney tissues were collected on days 2, 5, 10 and 21 for routine microscopy. Cisplatin-induced tubular alterations were characterized by acute and progressive cortical tubular degeneration/necrosis, regeneration, tubular dilation and proteinaceous cast in the absence of statistically significant changes in traditional plasma biochemistry and urinalysis parameters. When normalized to urinary creatinine, cisplatin-induced significant increases in urinary levels of kidney injury molecule 1 (females on day 4), increases in calbindin D28k (males and females on day 4), decreases in Tamm-Horsfall glycoprotein (males on days 1, 4 and 9), and increases in clusterin (females and males on days 15 and 20, respectively), when compared to concurrent controls. This study revealed the usefulness of the Human KidneyMAP® multiplex panel when measuring changes in urine-based biomarkers to reliably detect cisplatin-induced acute/progressive cortical tubular injury in male and female Cynomolgus monkeys.HighlightsCisplatin-induced cortical tubular injury was identified in Cynomolgus monkeys.Plasma creatinine and urea nitrogen did not indicate nephrotoxicity.Early increases in urinary calbindin and KIM-1 indicated acute tubular injury.Rises in urinary clusterin indicated progressive cortical tubular injury.Decreased urinary THP indicated progressive tubular injury.

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