Serological and molecular analysis of HLA class I and II alleles in Thai patients with psoriasis vulgaris

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The HLA class I and class II alleles in 67 patients with type I psoriasis vulgaris, 23 patients with type II psoriasis vulgaris and 140 healthy individuals were analyzed. The frequencies of HLA-A2, -B46, -B57 and DQB1*0303 were significantly increased in type I psoriasis compared to the controls (Pc<0.05). Molecular analysis of HLA-A2 alleles showed an increase in HLA-A*0207 and a decrease in HLA-A*0203 in type I psoriasis. HLA-DQB1*0301 was significantly decreased in type I psoriasis compared to the normal controls (Pc<0.05). No association of any alleles with type II psoriasis was observed. This data demonstrated two susceptible haplotypes: HLA-A1-B57-DRB1*0701-DQA1*0201-DQB1*0303 (AH57.1) and HLA-A2-B46-DRB1*0901-DQA1*0301-DQB1*0303 (AH46.1) for type I psoriasis in the Thai population. Besides, the haplotype AH46.1 was also associated with type II psoriasis.

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