Evaluating the potential impact of mismatches outside the antigen recognition site in unrelated hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: HLA-DRB1*1454 and DRB1*140101

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DNA sequencing of 268 individuals drawn from four US populations carrying two unresolved DRB1*14 alleles differing only outside the antigen recognition site identified DRB1*1454 in the majority. A database of 4222 human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched hematopoietic stem cell transplantation donor-recipient pairs was queried to determine the number likely mismatched for DRB1*140101/DRB1*1454 but matched for class I loci. A power calculation suggests that more than 88,000 transplants among European Americans will be needed to identify sufficient 7/8 allele-matched pairs to evaluate the impact of the DRB1*140101/DRB1*1454 mismatch on transplant outcome. Molecular modeling of the HLA-DR interaction with the T-cell receptor and with CD4 suggests that the amino acid substitution distinguishing the two alleles will have minimal impact on allorecognition.

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