A CD40 single-nucleotide polymorphism affects the lymphocyte profiles in the bronchoalveolar lavage of Japanese patients with sarcoidosis

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CD40 plays a critical role in adaptive immunity, and alveolar macrophages in patients with sarcoidosis express higher levels of CD40. This study investigated the association of rs1883832, a functional single-nucleotide polymorphism in the CD40 gene with susceptibility to sarcoidosis and phenotypes of sarcoidosis. Genotyping of rs1883832 in 175 Japanese patients with sarcoidosis and 150 age- and sex-matched controls revealed no significant difference between the genotypes of the patient and control groups (CC/CT/TT, 32.8/52.0/14.7% in the patients; 37.3/48.0/14.7% in the controls, P = 0.66; allele C, 59.1% in the patients, 61.3% in the controls, P = 0.57). T-cell and CD4+ cell counts in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were significantly higher in the TT genotype group than in the CC and CT genotype group.

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