Association ofHLA-G3′ untranslated region polymorphisms with antibody response againstPlasmodium falciparumantigens: preliminary results

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Host and Plasmodium interactions result in highly variable clinical phenotypes, partly explained by the nature and level of anti-malarial antibody response. Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G can create a tolerogenic environment, allowing parasites to escape from anti-malarial immunity. We performed a family-based association study encompassing 483 Sereer individuals (261 children and their parents), and reported two independent signals at the HLA-G 3′ untranslated region associated with antibody response to specific Plasmodium falciparum blood stage antigens, previously associated with malaria protection: (i) +3010G together with +3142C with total IgG and IgG1 against GLURP and (ii) +3196G with IgG3 against MSP2. While these results require further investigation, they suggest for the first time a role of HLA-G in the regulation of humoral immune response in malaria.

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