Induced Hypothermia in Critical Respiratory Failure After Lung Transplantation

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Abstract

Primary graft failure after lung transplantation is a serious complication with high mortality. We present 2 cases of critical respiratory failure after lung transplantation treated with surface cooling to 32° and 35°C, respectively, as an adjunct to conventional intensive care. Both patients were discharged from the hospital in good clinical condition. Surface cooling may be an effective mode of treatment in patients with critical respiratory failure after lung transplantation and should be considered before extracorporeal membrane oxygenation treatment is initiated.

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