There are few data about angiographic determinants of functional graft patency and native artery disease progression after coronary artery bypass grafting operation with arterial grafts compared with venous grafts.Methods.
Baseline and follow-up coronary angiograms at a mean of 2 years after operation in 91 patients with 194 arterial and 204 venous graft anastomoses were analyzed.Results.
Ninety-two percent of the arterial and 87% of the venous graft anastomoses were patent at follow-up angiography (p = 0.05, odds ratio = 2.63). Unlike that of arterial grafts, the patency rate of venous graft anastomoses correlated negatively with decreasing severity of the bypassed lesion. In contrast to venous grafts, in which angiographic graft function was basically dichotomous (fully patent or occluded), compromised flow of the arterial graft anastomoses was registered in 12%. Progression of the disease was more common in segments bypassed with venous grafts than with arterial grafts (p = 0.001, odds ratio = 2.03).Conclusions.
Angiographic determinants of functional graft patency and progression of occlusive changes in the bypassed artery segments are different for arterial and venous grafts.