Inflammatory response to cardiopulmonary bypass using roller or centrifugal pumps

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Abstract

Background.

The inflammatory response in 29 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting using either roller or centrifugal (CFP) pumps was evaluated in a prospective study.

Methods.

Patients were randomized in roller pump (n = 15) and CFP (n = 14) groups. Terminal complement complex activation (SC5b-9) and neutrophil activation (elastase) were assessed during the operation. Cytokine production (tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6, interleukin-8) and circulating adhesion molecules (soluble endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 and intercellular adhesion molecule-1) were assessed after the operation.

Results.

Release of SC5b-9 after stopping cardiopulmonary bypass and after protamine administration was higher in the CFP group (p = 0.01 and p = 0.004). Elastase level was higher after stopping cardiopulmonary bypass using CFP (p = 0.006). Multivariate analysis confirmed differences between roller pump and CFP groups in complement and neutrophil activation. After the operation, a significant production of cytokines was detected similarly in both groups, with peak values observed within the range of 4 to 6 hours after starting cardiopulmonary bypass. However, interleukin-8 levels were higher using CFP 2 hours after starting cardiopulmonary bypass (p = 0.02). Plasma levels of adhesion molecules were similar in both groups within the investigation period.

Conclusions.

During the operation, CFP caused greater complement and neutrophil activation. After the operation, the inflammatory response was similar using either roller pump or CFP.

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