The choice of vasopressors to treat vasodilatory shock after cardiac surgery is a matter of controversy. We have systematically reviewed the literature and found that the data are insufficient to guide choice of agent. However, we found sufficient evidence that when a target blood pressure can not be achieved with a single agent, addition of another is more likely to help achieve the blood pressure target. We also found that there is no evidence that vasopressors induce organ ischemia. Finally, the lack of high quality data indicate that large multicenter trials are needed in this field.