Delayed Chest Closure Assessed by Transesophageal Echocardiogram in Single-Lobe Lung Transplantation

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A 6-year-old girl with idiopathic interstitial pneumonia successfully underwent living-donor right single-lobe lung transplantation from her mother. Her mother's right lower lobe was 207% bigger than her right chest cavity, and attempting chest closure caused significant compression and narrowing of the right pulmonary vein anastomosis, as assessed by transesophageal echocardiogram. Her chest was temporarily closed without rib approximation. The following day, her chest could be completely closed. The pulmonary vein anastomosis, confirmed by transesophageal echocardiogram, was now patent. Currently, 7 months after the transplantation, she is well without limitations.

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