Left Ventricular Decompression During Peripheral Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Support With the Use of the Novel iVAC Pulsatile Paracorporeal Assist Device

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Abstract

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has become a widely accepted short-term mechanical circulatory support device in patients with refractory cardiogenic shock. A major drawback of the peripheral venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is that in patients with profoundly reduced left ventricular contractility associated with high left-heart filling pressure, there is always concern for venting the failing ventricle. We describe a minimally invasive technique for decompressing the left ventricle in this setting using a novel pulsatile paracorporeal assist device, the iVAC 3L (PulseCath, Groningen, The Netherlands). It is implanted through the right axillary artery and provides hemodynamic support while directly off-loading the left ventricle.

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