Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion: Lessons Learned From Surgical and Transcatheter Experiences

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Since the 1950s, the pathophysiologic role of the left atrial appendage (LAA) has been known in thromboembolic disease. A variety of surgical techniques have been described to close the LAA, with various degrees of efficacy. Today, transcatheter devices for LAA occlusion may offer a less invasive solution. This review looks at the surgical experience with LAA occlusion, with a focus on the techniques of closure, the prospects for stroke reduction, and the percutaneous trials completed so far, to formulate some meaningful conclusions about the status of LAA closure today.

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