For appropriate treatment, such as the selection of antibiotics or initiation of steroid therapy, correctly diagnosing benign pulmonary diseases located at the periphery is vital. This study assessed the usefulness of bronchoscopy using endobronchial ultrasonography with a guide sheath (EBUS-GS) in the diagnosis of benign pulmonary diseases, especially those presenting peripheral nodular lesions.Methods
We retrospectively reviewed 159 patients with 171 peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPLs) that were subsequently diagnosed as benign diseases. To examine the role of bronchoscopy with EBUS-GS, the contribution of bronchoscopy was classified into 4 categories. We also retrospectively reviewed 24 patients with 25 PPLs that were subsequently diagnosed as benign diseases by bronchoscopy without EBUS-GS (historical control).Results
The ultimate diagnosis of 171 PPLs included 45 cases of mycobacteriosis, 45 cases of bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia/chronic organized pneumonia (BOOP), 23 cases of bacterial pneumonia, 13 abscesses, 11 cases of sarcoidosis, and 34 other benign diseases. Among them, a definitive diagnosis was obtained by bronchoscopy with EBUS-GS in 99 lesions (58%). Lesions in which the probe was positioned within the lesion had a higher diagnostic yield (64%) than did lesions in which the probe was positioned adjacent to the lesion (52%) or outside the lesion (20%; P = 0.01). The diagnostic yield of bronchoscopy with EBUS-GS was higher compared with that of the historical control (58% versus 28%; P = 0.04).Conclusions
Bronchoscopy using EBUS-GS is a reasonable option as a diagnostic procedure for PPLs, even if they are suspected to be benign in nature.